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13 Results found for Neil Armstrong
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#8179: GEMINI VIII SPACEFLIGHT, THE
1966-03-16, NBC, min.
Neil Armstrong, David Scott

The launching of the Gemini VIII spacecraft, the sixth manned American spaceflight in Nasa's Gemini program. From Cape Canaveral, Florida. Astronauts Neil Armstrong and David Scott are aboard.        
#6018: NEWS CONFERENCE WITH APOLLO 11 CREW
1969-07-14, NBC, 30 min.
Neil Armstrong, Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., Michael Collins

Telecast of a final pre-launch news conference with Apollo 11 astronauts, civilian Neil A. Armstrong, command pilot; Air Force Col. Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., lunar module pilot; and Air Force Lt. Col. Michael Collins. Armstrong and Aldrin will make the moon landing. The news conference, for all media, is at the John F. Kennedy Space Center, Merritt Island, Fla.     

  Apollo 11 Mission Overview
Apollo 11 crew portrait
Apollo 11 mission patch
Credits: NASA
"The Eagle has landed…"

Mission Objective
The primary objective of Apollo 11 was to complete a national goal set by President John F. Kennedy on May 25, 1961: perform a crewed lunar landing and return to Earth.

Additional flight objectives included scientific exploration by the lunar module, or LM, crew; deployment of a television camera to transmit signals to Earth; and deployment of a solar wind composition experiment, seismic experiment package and a Laser Ranging Retroreflector. During the exploration, the two astronauts were to gather samples of lunar-surface materials for return to Earth. They also were to extensively photograph the lunar terrain, the deployed scientific equipment, the LM spacecraft, and each other, both with still and motion picture cameras. This was to be the last Apollo mission to fly a "free-return" trajectory, which would enable a return to Earth with no engine firing, providing a ready abort of the mission at any time prior to lunar orbit insertion.

Mission Highlights

Apollo 11 launched from Cape Kennedy on July 16, 1969, carrying Commander Neil Armstrong, Command Module Pilot Michael Collins and Lunar Module Pilot Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin into an initial Earth-orbit of 114 by 116 miles. An estimated 650 million people watched Armstrong's televised image and heard his voice describe the event as he took "...one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind" on July 20, 1969.
Two hours, 44 minutes and one-and-a-half revolutions after launch, the S-IVB stage reignited for a second burn of five minutes, 48 seconds, placing Apollo 11 into a translunar orbit. The command and service module, or CSM, Columbia separated from the stage, which included the spacecraft-lunar module adapter, or SLA, containing the lunar module, or LM, Eagle. After transposition and jettisoning of the SLA panels on the S-IVB stage, the CSM docked with the LM. The S-IVB stage separated and injected into heliocentric orbit four hours, 40 minutes into the flight.

The first color TV transmission to Earth from Apollo 11 occurred during the translunar coast of the CSM/LM. Later, on July 17, a three-second burn of the SPS was made to perform the second of four scheduled midcourse corrections programmed for the flight. The launch had been so successful that the other three were not needed.

On July 18, Armstrong and Aldrin put on their spacesuits and climbed through the docking tunnel from Columbia to Eagle to check out the LM, and to make the second TV transmission.

On July 19, after Apollo 11 had flown behind the moon out of contact with Earth, came the first lunar orbit insertion maneuver. At about 75 hours, 50 minutes into the flight, a retrograde firing of the SPS for 357.5 seconds placed the spacecraft into an initial, elliptical-lunar orbit of 69 by 190 miles. Later, a second burn of the SPS for 17 seconds placed the docked vehicles into a lunar orbit of 62 by 70.5 miles, which was calculated to change the orbit of the CSM piloted by Collins. The change happened because of lunar-gravity perturbations to the nominal 69 miles required for subsequent LM rendezvous and docking after completion of the lunar landing. Before this second SPS firing, another TV transmission was made, this time from the surface of the moon.

On July 20, Armstrong and Aldrin entered the LM again, made a final check, and at 100 hours, 12 minutes into the flight, the Eagle undocked and separated from Columbia for visual inspection. At 101 hours, 36 minutes, when the LM was behind the moon on its 13th orbit, the LM descent engine fired for 30 seconds to provide retrograde thrust and commence descent orbit insertion, changing to an orbit of 9 by 67 miles, on a trajectory that was virtually identical to that flown by Apollo 10. At 102 hours, 33 minutes, after Columbia and Eagle had reappeared from behind the moon and when the LM was about 300 miles uprange, powered descent initiation was performed with the descent engine firing for 756.3 seconds. After eight minutes, the LM was at "high gate" about 26,000 feet above the surface and about five miles from the landing site.

The descent engine continued to provide braking thrust until about 102 hours, 45 minutes into the mission. Partially piloted manually by Armstrong, the Eagle landed in the Sea of Tranquility in Site 2 at 0 degrees, 41 minutes, 15 seconds north latitude and 23 degrees, 26 minutes east longitude. This was about four miles downrange from the predicted touchdown point and occurred almost one-and-a-half minutes earlier than scheduled. It included a powered descent that ran a mere nominal 40 seconds longer than preflight planning due to translation maneuvers to avoid a crater during the final phase of landing. Attached to the descent stage was a commemorative plaque signed by President Richard M. Nixon and the three astronauts.

The flight plan called for the first EVA to begin after a four-hour rest period, but it was advanced to begin as soon as possible. Nonetheless, it was almost four hours later that Armstrong emerged from the Eagle and deployed the TV camera for the transmission of the event to Earth. At about 109 hours, 42 minutes after launch, Armstrong stepped onto the moon. About 20 minutes later, Aldrin followed him. The camera was then positioned on a tripod about 30 feet from the LM. Half an hour later, President Nixon spoke by telephone link with the astronauts.

Commemorative medallions bearing the names of the three Apollo 1 astronauts who lost their lives in a launch pad fire, and two cosmonauts who also died in accidents, were left on the moon's surface. A one-and-a-half inch silicon disk, containing micro miniaturized goodwill messages from 73 countries, and the names of congressional and NASA leaders, also stayed behind.

During the EVA, in which they both ranged up to 300 feet from the Eagle, Aldrin deployed the Early Apollo Scientific Experiments Package, or EASEP, experiments, and Armstrong and Aldrin gathered and verbally reported on the lunar surface samples. After Aldrin had spent one hour, 33 minutes on the surface, he re-entered the LM, followed 41 minutes later by Armstrong. The entire EVA phase lasted more than two-and-a-half hours, ending at 111 hours, 39 minutes into the mission.

Armstrong and Aldrin spent 21 hours, 36 minutes on the moon's surface. After a rest period that included seven hours of sleep, the ascent stage engine fired at 124 hours, 22 minutes. It was shut down 435 seconds later when the Eagle reached an initial orbit of 11 by 55 miles above the moon, and when Columbia was on its 25th revolution. As the ascent stage reached apolune at 125 hours, 19 minutes, the reaction control system, or RCS, fired so as to nearly circularize the Eagle orbit at about 56 miles, some 13 miles below and slightly behind Columbia. Subsequent firings of the LM RCS changed the orbit to 57 by 72 miles. Docking with Columbia occurred on the CSM's 27th revolution at 128 hours, three minutes into the mission. Armstrong and Aldrin returned to the CSM with Collins. Four hours later, the LM jettisoned and remained in lunar orbit.

Trans-Earth injection of the CSM began July 21 as the SPS fired for two-and-a-half minutes when Columbia was behind the moon in its 59th hour of lunar orbit. Following this, the astronauts slept for about 10 hours. An 11.2 second firing of the SPS accomplished the only midcourse correction required on the return flight. The correction was made July 22 at about 150 hours, 30 minutes into the mission. Two more television transmissions were made during the trans-Earth coast.

Re-entry procedures were initiated July 24, 44 hours after leaving lunar orbit. The SM separated from the CM, which was re-oriented to a heat-shield-forward position. Parachute deployment occurred at 195 hours, 13 minutes. After a flight of 195 hours, 18 minutes, 35 seconds - about 36 minutes longer than planned - Apollo 11 splashed down in the Pacific Ocean, 13 miles from the recovery ship USS Hornet. Because of bad weather in the target area, the landing point was changed by about 250 miles. Apollo 11 landed 13 degrees, 19 minutes north latitude and 169 degrees, nine minutes west longitude July 24, 1969.

Crew
Neil Armstrong, Commander
Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module Pilot
Michael Collins, Command Module Pilot

Backup Crew
James A. Lovell, Commander
Fred W. Haise Jr., Lunar Module Pilot
William A. Anders, Command Module Pilot

Payload
Columbia (CSM-107)
Eagle (LM-5)

Prelaunch Milestones
11/21/68 - LM-5 integrated systems test
12/6/68 - CSM-107 integrated systems test
12/13/68 - LM-5 acceptance test
1/8/69 - LM-5 ascent stage delivered to Kennedy
1/12/69 - LM-5 descent stage delivered to Kennedy
1/18/69 - S-IVB ondock at Kennedy
1/23/69 - CSM ondock at Kennedy
1/29/69 - command and service module mated
2/6/69 - S-II ondock at Kennedy
2/20/69 - S-IC ondock at Kennedy
2/17/69 - combined CSM-107 systems tests
2/27/69 - S-IU ondock at Kennedy
3/24/69 - CSM-107 altitude testing
4/14/69 - rollover of CSM from the Operations and Checkout Building to the Vehicle Assembly Building
4/22/69 - integrated systems test
5/5/69 - CSM electrical mate to Saturn V
5/20/69 - rollout to Launch Pad 39A
6/1/69 - flight readiness test
6/26/69 - Countdown Demonstration Test

Launch
July 16, 1969; 9:32 a.m. EDT
Launch Pad 39A
Saturn-V AS-506
High Bay 1
Mobile Launcher Platform-1
Firing Room 1

Orbit
Altitude: 118.65 miles
Inclination: 32.521 degrees
Orbits: 30 revolutions
Duration: eight days, three hours, 18 min, 35 seconds
Distance: 953,054 miles
Lunar Location: Sea of Tranquility
Lunar Coordinates: .71 degrees north, 23.63 degrees east

Landing
July 24, 1969; 12:50 p.m. EDT
Pacific Ocean
Recovery Ship: USS Hornet


National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Page Last Updated: May 15, 2019
Page Editor: Sarah Loff
NASA Official: Brian Dunbar      
#6021: APOLLO 11 MANNED LUNAR LANDING
1969-07-16, NBC, 180 min.
David Brinkley, Chet Huntley, Frank McGee, Bill Ryan, Neil Armstrong, Peter Hackes, Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., Michael Collins, Jim Eyer, Jim Reynold, Bill Lindsay, Charles Quinn

Apollo 11, the eight-day lunar-landing mission, set for a launch Wednesday, July 16, 1969 at 9:32 A.M. (EDT) from pad 39-A at Florida's Kennedy Space Center. Apollo capsule will leave the Earth parking-orbit and head out for the Moon shortly after 12 noon.

For the next 72 hours, the flight should be pretty much routine. Then, at about 1 P.M. next Saturday, July 19, the spaceship enters lunar orbit and the astronauts prepare for what must be considered history's most dramatic adventure: landing on the moon (set for next Sunday) and a walk on its surface (Monday, July 20, 1969) lasting nearly two and a half hours. Concluding the mission: lunar module (LEM) liftoff from the moon and deciding with the command module (also on Monday); trans-Earth injection, beginning the homeward journey (Tuesday); and splashdown and recovery in the Pacific (Thursday, July 24).

Radio and television coverage on July 16-22 & 24, 1969. Astronauts include Neil Armstrong, Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., and Michael Collins. Reporting are Frank McGee, Chet Huntley, David Brinkley, Bill Ryan, Jim Eyer, Peter Hackes, Jim Reynold, Bill Lindsay, and Charles Quinn.
#7645: APOLLO: A JOURNEY TO THE MOON
1969-07-22, NBC, 00 min.
David Brinkley, Chet Huntley, Frank McGee, Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, Buzz Aldrin

Live coverage of the Apollo spaceflight to the moon and journey back home. Traveling at a speed of approximately 3600 miles per hour, astronauts Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins begin their trip back to earth.       
#7646: APOLLO 11 SPLASHDOWN
1969-07-24, NBC, min.
David Brinkley, Chet Huntley, Frank McGee, Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, Buzz Aldrin

Live coverage of the Apollo 11 splashdown in the Pacific Ocean, following the successful flight of Apollo 11 to the moon.                
#7648: HUNTLEY-BRINKLEY REPORT
1969-07-25, NBC, 30 min.
David Brinkley, Chet Huntley, Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, Buzz Aldrin

Coverage of the Apollo 11 space mission.            
#7650: APOLLO 11
1969-07-26, NBC, min.
David Brinkley, Chet Huntley, Frank McGee, Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, Buzz Aldrin

Live coverage of the Apollo 11 splashdown in the Pacific Ocean. Astronaut Buzz Aldrin speaks at the Apollo 11 "Splashdown 45" event aboard The USS Hornet in Alameda, California.                                     
#7651: APOLLO 11 CONTINUING COVERAGE
1969-07-27, NBC, min.
David Brinkley, Chet Huntley, Frank McGee, Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, Buzz Aldrin

Astronauts Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin. and Michael Collins arrive at Ellington Air Force Base in Houston, Texas following the successful splashdown of the Apollo 11 spacecraft.                                      
#7652: APOLLO 11 NEWS CONFERENCE
1969-08-12, NBC, 90 min.
John Lindsay, Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, Buzz Aldrin

Apollo 11 astronauts Michael Collins, Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong hold a live news conference in Houston, Texas after their successful Apollo 11 moon mission.           
#7653: APOLLO 11: BROADWAY TICKER TAPE PARADE
1969-08-13, NBC, min.
Frank McGee, John Lindsay, Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, Garrick Utley, Buzz Aldrin

Live coverage of the Broadway ticker tape parade in New York City for Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Buzz Aldrin.                     
#7654: APOLLO 11: CHICAGO TICKER TAPE PARADE
1969-08-14, NBC, min.
Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, Buzz Aldrin

Live coverage of the Chicago ticker tape parade for Apollo 11 astronauts Michael Collins, Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong.                 
#6037: BOB HOPE'S CHRISTMAS SPECIAL
1970-01-15, NBC, 90 min.
Connie Stevens, Bob Hope, Romy Schneider, The Golddiggers, Teresa Graves, Suzanne Charney, Neil Armstrong, Eva Rueber-Staier

Highlights of Bob's 15-day trip to entertain servicemen in Italy, Germany, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam, Taiwan, and Guam. Guests include Connie Stevens, Suzanne Charney, Miss World: Eva Rueber-Staier, the Golddiggers, Romy Schneider, and Teresa Graves. Special appearance by astronaut Neil Armstrong.
#5449: A SALUTE TO AMERICAN IMAGINATION
1978-10-05, WCBS, 105 min.
Sid Caesar, Dr. Joyce Brothers, Henry Fonda, Joanne Woodward, Paul Newman, Tennessee Williams, Telly Savalas, Lee Grant, Ray Charles, Imogene Coca, Aretha Franklin, Ethel Merman, Madeline Kahn, Rita Coolidge, Kris Kristofferson, Wolfman Jack, Ronee Blakley, John Ritter, Neil Armstrong, Martin Balsam, Edward Asner, Martin Sheen, Arthur Miller

Hosts Paul Newman, Joanne Woodward, Telly Savalas & Madeline Kahn mark the 75th anniversary of the Ford Motor Company in a freewheeling variety show that features elaborate production numbers, drama, music, comedy & dance.
13 Results found for Neil Armstrong
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